Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Featured Image, Image Credit: Grand Hotel Velingrad

Velingrad – the Spa Capital of the Balkans

What do Bulgaria and Iceland have in common? Besides that both countries are situated on the Old Continent and they offer jaw-dropping sceneries, Bulgaria takes the second place after the icy country in terms of diversity and abundance of hot, mineral springs. And since Iceland is quite cold most of the year, Velingrad, lately known as “The Spa Capital of the Balkans”, is a much better choice for your next spa destination.

Not persuaded? Please, allow me to convince you.

The Unique Location of Velingrad

Velingrad is a beautiful town in Southern Bulgaria cosily embraced by the Western Rhodope Mountains.

Standing at around 150 km (93 mi) south-east of Sofia, it is located at an altitude of 750-830 metres (2,461-2723 ft), which is believed to be the best altitude for the body to acclimatise itself to the surrounding environment, to relax, and to revitalise.

The town is the only Spa region in Europe where harmful substances are neither found in the water, nor in the air. Moreover, there is a negative air ionisation for at least 8 hours every day, which rejuvenates our body cells much quicker.

1937 saw the construction of the first, Olympic-size, mineral water pool in Bulgaria, and the second in Europe. The sand, which is scattered around the pool to make a mini beach, was brought from the Sea Capital of Bulgaria – Varna.

The Magical, Healing Waters of Velingrad

Not only Velingrad’s whereabouts and crystal clear, fresh air will make your stay as relaxing as possible, but also it is the curative, therapeutic mineral water of the region that adds up to the magic.

The Manager of the Spa Section of Hotel Rich, a specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, shared with us several facts that make Velingrad’s mineral waters inimitable.

  • There are a couple of main springs around the town. The water’s temperature varies from 420 C (107 F) (at Chepino deposit where the water has radon – said to possess anti-inflammatory action and to enhance the body’s vitamin production) to 88,50 C (190 F) (at Kamenitsa deposit where the water is hypothermal, weakly mineralised, sulphate-hydro-sodium, fluorine, and silicon; the low quantities of hydrogen sulphide make the water very useful in the fight against muscle and joint diseases, such as spikes, and inflammatory joint diseases, such as arthritis, tendinitis, etc.)
  • There are traces that the Ancient Thracians and Roman warriors have used the water for healing purposes. Roman aqueducts are found in the town’s vicinity.
  • I will reiterate the fact that the town takes the first place in continental Europe and the second place in the world (after Iceland) measured by the copiousness and diversity of its mineral waters.
  • Measured by the flow of the water, Velingrad is ten times higher than Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad). While in the latter, the springs are 16, those in Velingrad are five times more – 80.
  • The water has a profound origin, crystal clear, and with a very pleasant smell. Due to its low mineralisation, it takes all the toxins out of the body and eliminates all the waste products from the metabolism via the urinary tract.
  • The hot water structure is very similar to the structure of our body liquids. Therefore, it is easily assimilated by our organisms almost without any energy losses. The saved energy is then used for healing and invigorating the body.
  • The water contains gases (such as radon – mentioned above). Gas-rich waters are the most curative waters.
  • The most hypoallergenic spot in Europe is indeed in Velingrad.
  • Some of the springs are rich in metasilicic acid (H2SiO3) which is extremely beneficial for the skin.
  • The water’s remedial powers are so strong that they are capable of closing wounds and contribute to destroying kidney stones.
  • The Chepino spring water can be consumed as table water every day.

In and Around Velingrad – the Spa Capital of the Balkans

The Spa Capital of the Balkans is much more than hot mineral waters, though. Below, I will provide you with some tips what to visit if you grow tired of the spa procedures.

The Historical Museum – A Walk through a Partisan House

It holds many pieces of the town’s history which (the town) was established in 1948 by joining the villages of Ladzhene, Chepino, and Kamenitsa.

The museum was founded in 1952 and was then transformed in Museum-house “Vela Peeva” after whom the town of Velingrad is named. The museum is petite but has many interesting exhibits on display – from traditional Bulgarian clothing and costumes through instruments for decorating Easter eggs to Vela Peeva’s own furniture.

Vela Peeva fought against the fascists and was a stern worshipper of communism. 40-50 minutes will be more than enough to explore it.

Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Historical Museum, Vela Peeva Room, Bulgaria
Where Vela Peeva lived in the 1930s-40s.
Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Historical Museum, Easter Eggs, Bulgaria
How to decorate Easter eggs. The English is not at its best, but you will get the idea.
Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Historical Museum, Easter Eggs, Decoration, Bulgaria
Decorated Easter eggs on display.

The Dorkovo Pliocene Museum – A Stroll around Palaeontology

The village of Dorkovo, standing 14 km (9 mi) north-east of Velingrad, houses the Dorkovo Museum.

In 1983, Bulgarian and French palaeontologists excavated the area around the small village. They managed to unearth 5-million-year-old fossils of prehistoric mammals dating back to the geological epoch of the Pliocene.

Some 30 years later, was inaugurated the Dorkovo Museum which is within a walking distance of the village. It is set amongst the verdant ambience of the Rhodope Mountains.

Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Dorkovo Museum, Dorkovo Village, Bulgaria
The gorgeous vista around the museum.

The museum itself has a wooden, domed structure. By far the most interesting exhibit is a full-size model of a gomphothere.

Velingrad, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Dorkovo Museum Outside, Bulgaria
The museum from the outside.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Dorkovo Museum Inside
Gomphothere in all its beauty.

The guide told me that Anancus arvernensis was about 4 metres (13 ft) in height and weighed between 8 and 10 tonnes.

Kostandovo’s Carpet Factory – Where Queen Elizabeth Gets Her Carpets From

Kostandovo is another small village very close to the Pliocene museum in Dorkovo – around 3 km (2 mi) to the south.

Besides being gorgeous, it houses a unique carpet-making factory. What makes it one-of-a-kind, you will ask.

  • Remember Harry Potter? The Bulgarian presence of Viktor Krum is not the only one in the movie. All of the actors have been walking on carpets, weaved in Kostandovo’s factory, in Alnwick Castle’s living room – where part of the movie was shot.
  • Each and every carpet is hand-made by assiduous ladies who are masters of their craft (check out the images below). Extravagant, familial coat-of-arms and exuberant images are hand-woven in each and every carpet.
  • The carpets of the factory are adorning one of the most prestigious buildings in Europe. Some of them are the summer residence of Queen Elizabeth II and Albert Museum in Vienna. Other masterpieces have been ordered by Mick Jagger, Jane Churchill (granddaughter of Winston Churchill), and the famous British screenwriter and TV producer John Elliot.
  • The factory holds the largest weaving loom in Europe which allows for creating carpets of up to 160 m2 (1722 ft2).
  • It takes 4 ladies to create 10 cm of a carpet daily. The precision of their work has been tested and approved by Interiors UK, Architectural Digest, and Houses and Gardens.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Kostandovo Carpet Factory, Largest Weaving Loom in Europe
The largest weaving loom in Europe.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Kostandovo Carpet Factory, Ladies at Work
Laborious ladies at work.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Kostandovo Carpet Factory, Amazing Carpet
An already finished carpet.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Kostandovo Carpet Factory, carpet of Napoleon Bonaparte
A duplicate of a carpet that used to adorn Napoleon Bonaparte’s castle. There is no original, by the way, so this makes this one unique.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Kostandovo Carpet Factory, Amazing Carpet, Alnwick Castle
A photo of the carpet in Alnwick Castle.

Septemvri – Velingrad – Dobrinishte – The Only Narrow-gauge Railway in Bulgaria

Fancy exploring the countryside around the town?

There is no better way than hopping on the train which travels on the only narrow-gauge railroad in Bulgaria. I strongly suggest you take it to Avramovo which is the highest train station on the Balkans. The ticket from Velingrad to Avramovo is around 2 BGN (1 EUR) for a 1-hour ride, which is ridiculously low.

Bulgaria is one of the few countries in Europe which is a proud owner of these magnificent railways that cut through gorgeous mountains. The slow pace of the train gives you the opportunity to take astonishing photos while meandering through tunnels and lush vegetation. Take a look.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Narrow-gauge Railroad, Velingrad Station
Waiting for the train to arrive.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Narrow-gauge Railroad, Trainspotting
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Narrow-gauge Railroad, Meandering Rails
The railways meander around a drop-dead gorgeous scenery.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Narrow-gauge Railroad, Tunnel Photo
Verdant vegetation awaits at every exit.

Avramovo takes a truly stupefying position at an altitude of 1,267 metres. The great thing about it is that the highest train station on the Balkan Peninsula is reachable by a car.

In the station’s vicinity by the paved road, you can find merchants that sell home-made delicacies that teleport your Bulgarian-thirsty senses into a mesmerising food space.

Honey, yellow and white cheese, as well as a host of other home-made goodies, such as jams and preserves, await you there. Don’t miss your chance to bargain a bit.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Narrow-gauge Railroad, Avramovo Station
Avramovo – the highest train station on the Balkans. 1,267 m (4,157 ft).

Pashovi Skali – A Panorama That Will Stay in Your Mind Forever

Located in the vicinity of the village of Yúndola are the Pashovi Skali (Pashov’s Cliffs).

Looking southward from Pashov’s Cliffs, a staggering panorama unfolds before your nature-thirsty eyes.

The endless pleats, foliage, and valleys of the Rhodope Mountains are on your left.  Picturesque villages and verdant meadows, majestically overlooked by the Rila and the Pirin mountains, are to the right.

The Avramovo village and its saddle are the geographical borders between the Rhodope Mountains and the Rila Mountains. That’s also the reason why the narrow-gauge railways cuts exactly through that region.

The hike to the cliffs takes you through a verdant forest and it takes around 25-30 minutes from Yúndola. You just have to follow the marks on the trees.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Pashovi Skali, Pashov's Cliffs, Panorama
Just don’t get too close to the edge.

Belmeken Dam – The Highest Dam on the Balkans

It seems the area around Velingrad holds many records. Besides Avramovo – the highest train station on the Balkan Peninsula, there is the Belmeken Dam (or Belmeken Reservoir), which also takes “high” pride in being the highest dam on the Balkans.

The dam is a part of the cascade Belmeken – Chaira – Sestrimo and stands at 1,923 metres (6,309 ft). One can put his tent out for a camping in the proximity of the dam or hike to the peak with the same name – Belmeken. Its altitude is 2,626 metres (8,615 ft). There is a paved road that reaches the dam. From there, the hike to the peak takes around 3-4 hours.

If you are just going to contemplate the gorgeous scenery around the dam, pack yourself with a jacket even in summer because it’s extremely windy.

Belmeken Dam, Bulgaria, Yundola, Rila Mountains
Take the road and then to the right, you will find the mountain marks and tracks to Belmeken peak.

Accommodation – Where Luxury Meets Style

Villa Vuchev – Secluded Opulence in a Non-pretentious Way

Velingrad hosts numerous spa hotels with great service and food. However, if you are yearning a secluded, yet luxurious stay, Villa Vuchev is your place to go.

The 5-star villa, which for a third consecutive has won the Luxury Holiday Villa of the Year 2017 – Bulgaria of the British “LUX Magazine”, is a place of resplendence and opulence but in a very unpretentious way.

Whenever one books a room there, the whole villa remains closed for the visitor. You might want to get some company, though, as the dining room, the bar, and the pool are to die for.

Just take a look. Book your stay here.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Villa Vuchev, Pool
Isn’t this the epitome of secluded cosiness?

ARTE Spa & Park Hotel – The Cosy Hug of Natural Luxury

Arte Spa & Park Hotel, located on the outskirts of Velingrad at the foot of the verdant forests, is a magnificent place to unwind and swim your stress away.

The area around the hotel is characterised by fresh and crisp, mountainous air with high ionisation.

ARTE Spa & Park Hotel, Velingrad, Bulgaria, Outside Panorama
Dive in luxury while being isolated from civilisation.

The hotel possesses a stupendous spa centre where I really enjoyed the herbal sauna. There, lavender and thyme kept me company. Additionally, the indoor and outdoor spa facilities kept me busy and refreshed.

The personnel is courteous and friendly. The morning and dinner buffets come with plenty of choices for meat lovers, as well as for vegans and vegetarians.

What I loved most, though, was the intricate wooden interior and the paintings, adorning the walls, which made me feel like I was walking through an art gallery in the woods.

ARTE Spa & Park Hotel, Alpine Interior, Velingrad, Bulgaria
The architectural elegance and Alpine style captivate the eye of the visitors.

Local Food of Velingrad – Succulent Delicacies That Teleport You in Another Culinary Dimension

Food is an indispensable part of every stay at a certain location. You don’t need convincing about that, so I will show you several photos for all types of people – meat lovers, vegetarians, and vegans. Velingrad has it all.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Sheep's Steak - Chopped
Probably one of the most scrumptious steaks I have ever had – sheep steak.

Since the population around Velingrad includes Muslims, the local cuisine has epitomised sheep and lamb steaks as their “seduce me until I start dripping saliva” delicacies.

The steaks are something between juicy and succulent and make your mouth water.

Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Lamb Steak
So, to rival the sheep steak, here’s a photo of a lamb steak. Which one would you choose?
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Mehana Demeko
Sheep cheese is another local delicacy – non-salted and very soft, it leaves your palate wanting more.  Here’s an assortment of salads sprinkled with cheese.
Velingrad, Bulgaria, Spa Capital of the Balkans, Beans Sofenka
Beans Sofenka are probably the most delectable beans you will ever set your lips upon.

To enjoy the scrumptious beans and the juicy steaks, you have to pay restaurant “Mehanata” a visit. It’s also known as “Механа Демеко” or “Mehana Demeko”.

And one last tip. Before you start packing your bags, bear in mind that August and December are the busiest months so book in advance!

If you’d like to explore Velingrad with ease, why not download a GPS version of this article? *For every download, I’ll receive a small commission.

I usually do not revisit places because the earth is teeming with hidden gems to be discovered. Nonetheless, I keep coming back to Velingrad time and again. Its ideal location, appetising food, and wonderful amenities make it my favourite spa destination.

I cannot wait to visit it again soon. And so should you!

Are you ready to dip yourself into Velingrad’s hot mineral waters?

*Disclaimer: I went to explore the Spa Capital of the Balkans on an invitation of the Velingrad Municipality and its Centre for Tourism Information. The meals and accommodation were provided by Villa Vuchev, ARTE Spa & Park Hotel, and Mehanata. However, all opinions and suggestions are strictly my own.

Velingrad in Bulgaria is known as the Spa Capital of the Balkans due to its abundance of hot, mineral springs and gorgeous scenery around.


20 comments on “Velingrad – the Spa Capital of the Balkans

  1. Nina Alexander

    You got me convinced I should go again to Velingrad (and perhaps spend more time there). Yet another brilliant post Svet!

    • Svet

      I was just asked by a friend who is reading my article at the moment when I am going to Velingrad again.

      Let’s plan our escapade soon – and, yes, spend more time there!

      Thanks for reading and commenting, Nina! 🙂

  2. Laura @ Grassroots Nomad

    Those carpets at Kostandovo’s factory are incredible! I had actually noticed them in the Harry Potter movie so it is really interesting to hear where they are from!

    • Svet

      Hehe, I know, I was more than impressed! Had you really noticed them? That’s amazing! Yes, they had been weaved by the great, old ladies! 🙂

  3. Kevin Wagar

    I had no idea that they were second only to Iceland for hot springs! Amazing! Bulgaria hasn’t been on my radar until today. i’ll look deeper into it now!

    • Svet

      Yes, that was my idea behind writing this article. There’s so much more that Bulgaria offers. I am happy I made you think 🙂

  4. Danielle Des

    The architecture of Dorkovo is really cool – wouldn’t have known what’s inside. I’ve seen several error fares to Bulgaria, I will have to book next time.

    • Svet

      Yes, it really is surprising inside 🙂 Book bravely, you won’t regret a second spent here 🙂

  5. Vyjay Rao

    Velingrad is a charming place and your post is really convincing on that. The hot water springs are reason enough for people to head out there, everything else is a bonus. Loved reading about all the curative properties of the water. Very interesting read.

    • Svet

      Vyjay, you are absolutely right about the hot water springs – everything else is a bonus! Thanks for reading – I did a lot of research before packing the whole thing together and I am happy it bears fruit 🙂

  6. Audrey@That Recipe

    If the city is as lovely as your photos I am sure it is breathtaking!

    • Svet

      Hey, Audrey, yes, of course, it is even more breath-taking than my photos since I am not the best photographer – neither is my camera :)) But I believe I do well with the eloquence 😛 Thanks for reading!

  7. Steven Conte

    I actually just came back from Prague and loved it Definitely adding Bulgaria to my list. Do you find it expensive?

    • Svet

      Oh, that’s great! I would say it is affordable and reasonable 🙂 Especially for the quality of the mineral waters 🙂

  8. Joella (Rovingjo)

    You got me at Spa. Need to book my trip to Bulgaria. Incredible all the healing properties of the waters and I love all the other great activities in the town. Oh and those carpets? Amazing. No wonder the queen orders from there. Great informative post Svet.

    • Svet

      Oh, Jo, thanks so much for your amazing comments!

      I am waiting for you here so we can indulge in a spa adventure you have never seen before.

      The carpets are a true miracle, having stepped on them – of course, barefoot 🙂

  9. NTripping

    OMG, Svet, this post was just so good to digest! I’m already looking at my calendar to find an opening to pack my bags and get the car started navigating through the Rhodopes in the direction of Velingrad.

    Unfortunately, it seems like my schedule won’t allow me to visit for several months 🙁 But hey, it’s an all-year destination, so the long anticipation will only make the experience better 😉


    • Svet

      Hehe, severe wanderlust is calling me every time I go to Velingrad. I am already missing it, but you are totally right!

      It’s all-year destination, so we might wait a bit more and indulge better 🙂

  10. Absolute Wanderlust

    Spa’s, beautiful scenery and scrumptious locals delicacies… Have won me over Svet! Really interesting post my friend 🙂

    • Svet

      Thank you very much, Priti! Velingrad will enchant you even more in person! Soo, when are you coming? 🙂

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